Aroma: fresh, spicy, floral, citrus
Traditional Use: Bergamot has been used as a remedy for fever in Italian folk tradition, and has a long history of use in potpourri and perfumes.
Properties:Analgesic, anthelmintic, antibacterial, antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, carminative, deodorant, digestive, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge, laxative, rubefacient, sedative, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, vulnerary
Benefits: Abscess, acne, anxiety, boils, bronchitis, carbuncles, cold sores, colds, colic, cystitis, depression, eczema, fevers, flatulence, halitosis, herpes, insect bites, intestinal parasites, nervous tension, oily complexion, psoriasis, respiratory tract infections, sore throat, varicose veins. Add bergamot to a massage blend for indigestion; remember to rub the abdomen in a clockwise direction.
Of Interest: Despite the fact that the bergamot fruit is inedible, the oil has many culinary and house hold uses. It is the characteristic flavor of Earl Grey tea, and is used as a fragrance for pipe tobaccos.
Aroma: soft, woody, sweet balsamic
Traditional Use: In North America, Virginia Cedarwood has been used for respiratory infections. This oil has also been used as an insect repellant.
Properties: Antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, circulatory stimulant, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, insecticide, sedative
Benefits: Acne, arthritis, bronchitis, coughs, cystitis, dandruff, eczema, insect repellant, nervous tension, oily skin, psoriasis, respiratory congestion, rheumatism, sinusitis, stress. Virginia Cedarwood may be diffused into the air as an insect repellant.
Aroma: strong, warm, sweet herbaceous
Traditional Use: Blue, or German, chamomile has been used for nervous related ailments.
Properties: Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiphlogistic, antispasmodic, bactericidal, carminative, cicatrizant, digestive, emmenagogue, febrifuge, fungicidal, hepatic, nerve sedative, stomachic, sudorific, vermifuge, vulnerary
Benefits: Acne, arthritis, asthma, broken capillaries, burns, colic, cuts, dermatitis, dysmenorrhea, dyspepsia, eczema, headache, indigestion, insect bites, insomnia, migraine, muscular pain, muscular spasms, nausea, nervous tension, neuralgia, rashes, rheumatism, sensitive skin, sprains, stress related complaints, wounds. When adding blue chamomile to skin preparations take the color of the oil into consideration.
Of Interest: Blue chamomile oil has a higher azulene content then Roman chamomile oil. This constituent also gives the oil its characteristic blue color. The azulene is not present in the fresh flower but is produced during the process of distillation.
Aroma: dry, musky, bittersweet floral
Traditional Use: This oil has an extensive history in perfumery. It is considered a fixative, and adds a warming note to a blend.
Properties: Antibacterial, antidepressant, antiphlogistic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, astringent, carminative, deodorant, digestive, emmenagogue, euphoric, nervine, sedative, stomachic, vulnerary
Benefits: Acne, amenorrhea, boils, constipation, convulsions, cramps, dandruff, depression, dysmenorrhoea, dyspepsia, excessive perspiration, flatulence, infection, inflamed skin, leucorrhoea, migraine, muscular aches and pains, nervous fatigue, oily skin and hair. Clary sage is a good addition to a bath for many reasons. The antispasmodic actions may help with headaches and migraines. This action along with the emmenagogue property support the reproductive system and may relieve painful menstruation, and the nervine and sedative actions will help you relax after a busy day.
Of Interest: The herb derives its name from the Latin clarus, meaning, “clear,” and was nicknamed “clear eyes” during the Middle Ages for its famous ability to clear tired or strained eyes and blurred vision.
Aroma: fresh, penetrating, woody, camphoraceous
Traditional Use: Eucalyptus is one of the oldest native medicines used in Australia. It is known now for its use in inhalants and vapor rubs, and as a household disinfectant and cleaner.
Properties: Analgesic, antibacterial, antifungal, antineuralgic, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, decongestant, deodorant, depurative, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge, stimulant, vermifuge, vulnerary
Benefits: Asthma, blisters, bronchitis, bruises, burns, candida, catarrh, chills, colds, cough, cystitis, fever, headache, influenza, insect bites, lack of concentration, measles, mental exhaustion, muscular aches and pains, neuralgia, respiratory infection, rheumatism, sinusitis, skin infections, skin ulcers, slow circulation, sore throats, sprains, throat infections, viral infections, wounds. Eucalyptus is often added to inhalations, oils, and ointments for respiratory infections and congestion. The properties that help with these ailments include antispasmodic, expectorant, decongestant, and antiviral. The antiviral and antibacterial actions of this oil can be taken advantage of by adding it to a disinfectant blend for a diffuser to cleanse the air.
Of Interest: The word eucalyptus is derived from Greek meaning "well covered". This refers to part of the calyx that initially covers the flower.
Aroma: fresh, woody, spicy, balsamic with a citrus top note
Traditional Use: Frankincense has a long history as incense. It was burned by the Egyptians and is used in many religious ceremonies. Traditionally it has also been used for skin ailments from acne to wound healing.
Properties: Analgesic, anti-arthritic, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiseptic, astringent, carminative, digestive, diuretic, expectorant, sedative, tonic, vulnerary
Benefits: Acne, anxiety, asthma, blemishes, bronchitis, colds, coughs, dry skin, flu, nervousness, rheumatism, scars, skin ailments, stress, ulcers, urinary tract infections, wrinkles, wounds. To take advantage of some of the skin healing properties of this oil it may be added to skin creams or toners.
Of Interest: Frankincense has many other names that it is known as. Most commonly you will see it as frankincense, olibanum, or boswellia.
Aroma: heavy, sweet, floral
Traditional Use: Throughout history geranium has been known as a powerful wound healer. It has been utilized medicinally and in the fragrance industry.
Properties: Analgesic, antibacterial, antidepressant, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, cicatrizant, deodorant, diuretic, emmenagogue, hepatic, insecticide, regenerative, rubefacient, sedative, styptic, tonic, vasoconstrictor, vermifuge, vulnerary
Benefits: Acne, anxiety, broken capillaries, bruises, burns, circulatory disorders, cuts, cystitis, depression, dermatitis, diabetes, diarrhea, eczema, fluid retention, hemorrhoids, herpes, insect bites, lymphatic congestion, menopause, neuralgia, ringworm, shingles, sore throats, stabilize emotions, tonsillitis, ulcers, wounds. The antidepressant and emotional stabilizing effects of this oil can be used in many ways. Diffuse into the air, or make a room spray that you can spray as needed. You can also add the oil to a full, hand, or foot bath.
Of Interest: Geranium leaves can be used in jams and jellies. The oil can be used in baking. A couple of drops may be added while making sugar cookies. The aroma fills the house while you are baking and adds flavor to the cookies.
Ginger (Zingiber officinale): Fresh, warm, woody, sweet bright top note
used in: motivate, digest
Grapefruit (Citrus paradisi): Fresh, tangy citrus
used in: energize, create, detox
Juniper (Juniperus communis): Fresh, green, fruity, balsamic undertone
used in: energize, pain relief, digest
Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia): Sweet, floral, herbaceous
used in: pms relief, headache relief, calm, de-stress, sleep, immunity
Lemon (Citrus limon): Clean, sugary citrus, slightly sour
used in: energize, menopause, uplift, immunity
Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus): Heavy, lemony, green
used in: empower, digest, create, detox
Marjoram (Marjorana hortensis): Bright, sweet, balsamic
used in: headache relief, pain relief, calm, breathe, sleep
Orange (Citrus sinensis): Sweet, sugary, and citrus
used in: passion, motivate, calm, sleep, create
Peppermint (Mentha piperita): Fresh, very minty, hot, herbaceous
used in: energize, headache relief, focus, breathe, digest
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis): strong, fresh, camphor-like and with a woody-balsamic undertone
used in: energize, passion, focus, breathe, create, detox
Tea Tree (Melaleuca alternifolia): Warm, Fresh, spicy-camphoraceous
used in: immunity, breathe
Thyme (Thymus vulgaris): Warm, spicy-herbaceous, powerful
used in: empower, menopause, pain relief, breathe
Ylang Ylang (Cananga odorata): Rich, sweet floral
used in: empower, menopause, de-stress, uplift, sleep